Facilitation and planning are distinct yet interconnected aspects of any process that aims at expanding a person’s community engagement and social inclusion.



“Helping people in clarifying their vision and next steps.”

Planning is the process of setting goals, developing strategies and outlining tasks and schedules to accomplish the goals.

Person directed/centred planning is a way of organizing around one person to define and create a better future.It is a philosophy and an approach, not just a set of tools and techniques. Person-centred planning grew out of a commitment to inclusion as a social goal and was consciously designed as an inclusive process.

Person directed/centred planning names a family of approaches for discovering what is most important to a person and specifying the opportunities, accommodations, and assistance that will give the person the best chance of experiencing what is most important. Person-centred planning supports people to form their intention and see opportunities for action.


“Helping others in taking action and moving forward.”

Facilitation is a process where a neutral person helps a person with a developmental disability to make decisions about long term possibilities and the next steps to get there. Facilitation brings action and relationship support to the planning process.

Facilitation aims to strengthen the person’s ability to have his/her wishes understood and broaden his/her self-determination, choice and control. Decision making always rests in the hands of the person. The purpose of the facilitation process is to listen to and nurture the gifts and capacities of a person to create a full life as a participating, contributing citizen in the community. The process may or may not involve a personal support network depending on the person’s wishes.


Adapted from Ministry of Community and Social Services Person-Directed Planning and Facilitation Guide, 2013


Desirable Future 

Five questions on which to focus in developing a more desirable future:

Based on O’Brien and O’Brien’s “five valued experiences” (Framework for Accomplishment, 1989) — LINK HERE